Traumhafte Rundreisen / Europa / Spanien

Mezquita de las Tornerias Besonders Sehenswert

The Mezquita de las Tornerías is a Moorish mosque.. It was built in the middle of the 11th century, settled on previous foundations of Roman architecture, located in the old Muslim neighborhood Arrabal de Francos. At the moment it houses the "Center Foundation of Promotion of the Crafts", that can visit and to attend temporary exhibitions. The building continued maintaining Islam in Spain, even well beyond the reconquista of the city by the Christian troops of Alfonso VI of León and Castile in 1085, arriving until the period of 1498 - 1505 in that it would be desacralizate by the Catholic Monarchs.

Already as a building for civil use, it goes through various vicissitudes, first as an inn in 1505 and then as the headquarters of different businesses and small factories or as a simple home. Its history is lost until the late 19th century, where historians investigate its origins thinking that it was a synagogue or a mosque. After the studies, the 15 of March 1905 was officially communicated to the Real Academia de la Historia the finding of an Arab mosque in the street of the Tornerías.
The mosque was built on the walls of Roman drinking water tanks for distribution of drinking water throughout the city. The great unevenness of the terrain makes possible its layout in two floors which makes it especially unique. The ground floor, which is accessed from the street of the Tornerías, opens to the Roman deposits with arches of granite of half point. The upper floor, houses the place of worship, retaining remains of the mihrab and the wall of the qibla.
Its construction was made based on one of the important mosques that were in the city of Toledo, the one of the Mosque of Cristo de la Luz or of Bab al-Mardum, of the 10th century. Its plant is irregular square and the interior spaces are organized like that one in nine compartments of square plant, covered with vaticulous domes of brick, except the central one, with special relevance in its ribbed dome. It has horseshoe arches on low columns with massive capitals.
Historians cannot agree on its date of construction. While some estimate it in the second half of the 11th century, others, establish it in the second half of the 12th century.

GPS-Daten: N 39,85850° W 4,02286°

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